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The Euro: Only for the Agile. Bruegel policy brief 2006/01, February 2006

Ahearne, Alan and Pisani-Ferry, Jean. (2006) The Euro: Only for the Agile. Bruegel policy brief 2006/01, February 2006. [Policy Paper]

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    Summary. Contrary to often-heard concerns, the main question regarding the future of the European single currency is not who is going to leave, but who is going to join. Three of the new EU member states want to join Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and adopt the euro within the next year, and others are due to follow within the next decade. The experience of the first seven years demonstrates that membership has its benefits, but that these benefits are not free. Being part of a currency union requires discipline, and the loss of the exchange rate as an instrument for coping with economic shocks can be costly. Within the euro area some members, such as Ireland, are thriving; others, especially among the southern member states, are struggling and face painful adjustments in the future. As the chart below illustrates, economic divergences between existing members have been significant. Ireland and Portugal have experienced marked real exchange rate appreciation, but with very different consequences for export growth. There has been real depreciation in both Germany and France, but only Germany’s exports have flourished.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Portugal
    Countries > Ireland
    Countries > France
    Countries > Germany
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > economic and financial affairs > EMU/EMS/euro
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Bruegel (Brussels) > Policy Briefs
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2008
    Page Range: p. 8
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:53

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