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FIGHTING FOR EUROPE European Strategic Autonomy and the Use of Force. Egmont Paper 103, January 2019

Biscop, Sven (2019) FIGHTING FOR EUROPE European Strategic Autonomy and the Use of Force. Egmont Paper 103, January 2019. [Policy Paper]

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    “An appropriate level of ambition and strategic autonomy is important for Europe’s ability to foster peace and safeguard security within and beyond its borders”. European Union Global Strategy Strategic autonomy: yes! But to do what exactly? To protect ourselves, or to protect others, outside Europe, as well? To protect ourselves by defeating the enemy on his own ground, in Europe’s neighbourhood or further afield? Or only by making sure he doesn’t breach the walls of Europe? To protect us from all enemies, or only from some? Who is the “enemy” anyway? The June 2016 European Union Global Strategy (EUGS) for the first time explicitly mentions strategic autonomy as an objective for the Union, and that raises a lot of questions. This is an important step in European strategic thinking. It is certainly seen as such in the US, where the security and defence establishment has unanimously condemned it as a move that will undermine NATO. On some things, Republicans and Democrats can still agree. But do Europeans themselves agree what strategic autonomy means? The EUGS itself doesn’t spell it out, and neither do subsequent decisions, such as the Implementation Plan on Security and Defence (IPSD) from November 2016. I will argue that the EU’s priorities should be: • In the short term, to further strengthen its strategic autonomy in protecting our domestic security, and to achieve full strategic autonomy in crisis response, across the whole spectrum of operations, in our broad neighbourhood. • In the medium term, to achieve a significant degree of autonomy in securing Europe’s “connectivity” with the world, in space, air space and cyberspace and on the seas. • In the long term, to achieve a significant degree of autonomy for the European allies and partners of NATO (who, pace Cyprus, happen to constitute the EU), to deter and defend against threats against our territory, in case the attention of our main non-EU allies is pulled away by contingencies outside the North Atlantic area.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > External relations > common foreign & security policy 1993--European Global Strategy
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Egmont : Royal Institute for International Affairs > Egmont Papers
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 27 May 2019 09:13
    Number of Pages: 22
    Last Modified: 27 May 2019 09:13

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