Link to the University of Pittsburgh
Link to the University Library SystemContact us link
AEI Banner

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions from Electricity: The Influence of The North Atlantic Oscillation. ESRI WP510. August 2015

Curtis, John and Lynch, Muireann A. and Zubiate, Laura (2015) Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions from Electricity: The Influence of The North Atlantic Oscillation. ESRI WP510. August 2015. [Working Paper]

[img] PDF - Published Version
Download (574Kb)


    The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is a large-scale circulation pattern driving climate variability in north-western Europe. In recent years there has been an increasing deployment of wind-powered generation technology, i.e. wind farms, on electricity networks across Europe. As this deployment increases it is important to understand how climate variability will affect both wind- powered and non-renewable power generation. This study extends the literature by assessing the impact of NAO, via wind-power generation, on carbon dioxide emissions from the wider electricity system. A Monte Carlo approach is used to model NAO phases, generate hourly wind speed time- series data, electricity demand and fuel input data. A unit commitment, least-cost economic dispatch model is used to simulate an entire electricity system, modelled on the all-island Irish electricity system. Our results confirm that the NAO has a significant impact on monthly mean wind speeds, wind power output, and carbon dioxide emissions from the entire electricity system. The impact of NAO on emissions obviously depends on the level of wind penetration within an electricity system but our results indicate that emissions intensity within the Irish electricity system could vary by as much as 10% depending on the NAO phase within the next few years. The emissions intensity of the electricity system will vary with the NAO phase.

    Export/Citation:EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII (Chicago style) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
    Social Networking:
    Item Type: Working Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: North Atlantic Oscillation, Carbon dioxide emissions, Electricity, Monte Carlo analysis, Wind energy
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > energy policy (Including international arena)
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > environmental policy (including international arena)
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Dublin > ESRI Working Papers
    Depositing User: Alyssa McDonald
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2017 12:51
    Number of Pages: 18
    Last Modified: 10 Jul 2017 12:51

    Actions (login required)

    View Item

    Document Downloads