Winand, Pascaline. (1993) "Monnet's Action Committee for the U.S. of Europe, its Successor and the Network of Europeanists". In: UNSPECIFIED. (Unpublished)
[From the introduction]. Much attention has recently been given to European Community lobbying. The reason is no doubt the proliferation of lobbyists gravitating around EC institutions, especially since the mid 1980s, when a new "relaunch" of the EC was clearly under way. Lobbying is not a new phenomenon in the EC. If one accepts a rather broad definition of the term, then actors involved in lobbying EC institutions since 1957 have included a constellation of national associations and European federations for agriculture, industry, labor, business, finance, and commerce. Yet the growing number of professional lobbyists (including lawyers and accounting firms), European special interest groups, and representatives of multinational firms, countries, counties and cities, is a relatively more recent development. Although publications on lobbying in the EC are numerous, there is a lack of systematic study in this field. Who lobbies whom or where and for what specific reasons? The interests of the various groups range from those lobbyists who try to lobby the Commission on highly technical matters, or to obtain a specific grant or project, to those who attempt to influence the future shape of the EC by drawing attention to issues such as enlargement and its implications for the institutions of the EC, subsidiarity, or "how better to communicate EC information to Community citizens." The Action Committee for Europe, which is the successor to Jean Monnet's Action Committee for the United States of Europe, belongs to this last category.
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