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"Citizenship: The real democratic deficit of the European Union?"

Kiernan, Annabel K. (1997) "Citizenship: The real democratic deficit of the European Union?". In: UNSPECIFIED, Seattle, WA. (Unpublished)

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    Given the pressures of globalisation, the nation state is limited in its control over public policy agendas, particularly in the field of social policy. The response of domestic governments to the heat of international competition has been to create more flexible, post-welfare state economies. A significant consequence of this development is the removal of social rights and the acceleration of social exclusion. This gap which has opened up could be filled by the European Union, but it has so far failed to take a leading role in this regard. So, as European citizens we should be concerned that the forces which operate to balance the harsher effects of the free market have been lost at the European, supranational level. There are three central reasons why this is the case: 1) the EU consists of fifteen member states with competing, historically rooted understandings of social protection and, therefore, social rights; 2) defining social rights is traditionally a state derived function and as such, the absence of an EU state means the absence of comprehensive citizen protection; 3) these two factors are magnified by the relative weaknesses of the supranational institutions and democratic deficit between the key EU institutions (weak vis-à-vis member state governments and with regard to the supremacy of the market).

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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > political affairs > democracy/democratic deficit
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJCC/AFSJ > European citizenship
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Conference: European Union Studies Association (EUSA) > Biennial Conference > 1997 (5th), May 29-June 1, 1997
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2006
    Page Range: p. 13
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:23

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