Georg, Zachmann. (2011) Is European climate policy the new CAP? Bruegel Policy Brief 2011/01, January 2011. [Policy Paper]
In its third phase (2013-20) the European Union's emissions trading system (ETS) will issue allowances for around two billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent each year. The emission rights are valued at around €30-35 billion at current prices, between one-half and two-thirds of the amount the EU spends on the Common Agricultural Policy. The redistributive effects of the allocation of emission allowances are therefore potentially significant. Quantitative indicators for the relative degree to which individual countries will be affected by the ETS suggest that economic consequences for the member states will be quite different. By comparing the indicators for each country with that country's initial allocation, we find, however, that countries with less favourable initial conditions are largely compensated.
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