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Banking fragility rooted in justice failures: Evidence from Ukraine. CEPS Paper on Liberty and Security in Europe No. 2019-08, May 2019

Repko, Maria (2019) Banking fragility rooted in justice failures: Evidence from Ukraine. CEPS Paper on Liberty and Security in Europe No. 2019-08, May 2019. [Policy Paper]

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    This paper investigates the links between the rule of law and sustainable economic growth, focusing on a specific aspect – namely how corruption and lack of the rule of law affect the functioning of the banking sector. It draws on the experience of Ukraine amid the crises in the banking sector (which is most of the financial sector). The burst of a bubble in the banking sector after the 2008–09 crisis was never followed by a robust recovery, and the 2014–15 crisis1 deepened the problem. It highlighted serious dysfunctions in the justice system, with issues of corruption and political interference. Much of the banking system’s fragility and poor credit utilisation could be explained by a lack of the rule of law on different levels. When the losses materialised, flaws in the rule of law impeded a response and resulted in a massive burden falling on the state and on the economy at large. At the same time, reforms to the rule of law and the financial sector are going along separate tracks – being implemented by different teams that contact each other randomly at best. If these efforts are combined, a strong synergistic effect might be achieved. This paper recommends a cross-sectoral policy angle for EU–Ukraine cooperation towards financial and justice sector reforms. It suggests six steps that might be taken at the crossroads: 1) launch a special forensic bureau for financial crime; 2) create a database for insolvency and financial fraud cases to support court expertise; 3) streamline insolvency law and regulations; 4) empower the independent regulator; 5) improve the know your client and anti-money laundering procedures of EU banks internally; and 6) support reform of the state-owned banks.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Ukraine
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Centre for European Policy Studies (Brussels) > CEPS Liberty and Security in Europe
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2019 14:26
    Number of Pages: 20
    Last Modified: 22 Oct 2019 14:26

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