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NATO‘s Northeast Quartet: Prospects and Opportunities for Baltic-Polish Defence Cooperation. OSW Policy Paper, November 2018

Gotkowska, Justyna and Szymański, Piotr and Vanaga, Nora and Janeliūnas, Tomas and Järvenpää, Pauli (2018) NATO‘s Northeast Quartet: Prospects and Opportunities for Baltic-Polish Defence Cooperation. OSW Policy Paper, November 2018. [Policy Paper]

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    In recent years, NATO has made good progress in strengthening deterrence and defence postures on its eastern flank, including establishing a rotational Allied land component presence in the Baltic states and Poland. For quite some time, territorial defence seemed to be an obsolete need, a leftover from the Cold War era. However, Russia’s overt and covert uses of military force—against Georgia in 2008 and against Ukraine since 2014—have profoundly altered the security environment and threat perceptions in the region and, indeed, across the entire Alliance.1 Has this new situation also provided opportunities for the Baltic states and Poland to enhance their cooperation in their defence policies? What are the factors that enable and facilitate the advancement of cooperation in this format—and are there any obstacles to be removed? Ultimately, if these four countries on NATO’s northeast flank are functioning smoothly as a quartet, what are the political and military steps they could take to bring their cooperation to a new and enhanced level? Drawing upon a series of interviews with defence policymakers and military practitioners in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, this policy paper examines the drivers, pressures and opportunities for closer defence cooperation among the Baltic states and Poland with the aim of articulating some recommendations as to how NATO’s “northeast quartet” could work together more harmoniously.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: defence policy, defence cooperation, deterrence, military capability, NATO, Poland, Baltic states
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > External relations > common foreign & security policy 1993--European Global Strategy
    Other international institutions > NATO
    Countries > Estonia
    Countries > Latvia
    Countries > Lithuania
    Countries > Poland
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Centre for European Policy Studies (Brussels) > CEPS Policy Papers
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2019 13:31
    Number of Pages: 22
    Last Modified: 30 Apr 2019 14:26

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