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Equality of Retirement Benefits Received by Men and Women in Selected European Countries: Childbearing and Future Benefits. ENEPRI Research Reports No. 56, 2 June 2008

Kotowska, Irene E and Stachura, Joanne and Strzelecki, Pawel. (2008) Equality of Retirement Benefits Received by Men and Women in Selected European Countries: Childbearing and Future Benefits. ENEPRI Research Reports No. 56, 2 June 2008. UNSPECIFIED.

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    Abstract

    This research report seeks to answer the question of whether old-age benefit rules for women could be altered with the aim not only of ensuring better benefits for older women but also of stimulating fertility. To address this question, a micro-simulation model has been developed. The input data for the model has been drawn from labour force survey data on employment patterns by age, gender, education, numbers of children, variations in the timing of caring for children and wage profiles for five countries: Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and Germany. Future retirement benefits are simulated under three variants: variant I uses country-specific labour market data and old-age pension systems; variant II makes use of German labour market data and country-specific old-age pension systems; and finally, variant III refers to country-specific labour market data and the Polish defined-contribution system. Each simulation variant entails four scenarios, which refer to the number of children and the timing of childcare. The simulations show that the effects of differences in old-age systems for retirement benefits are relatively small and that what really matters is the labour market structure, which reflects the impact of children on employment patterns. Therefore, the report concludes that policies aimed at reducing the negative consequences children have on the labour market participation of mothers are recommended for increasing their old-age pensions. This approach would also help to diminish work–family tensions, which in turn could facilitate positive decisions about having children.

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    Item Type: Other
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Italy
    Countries > Latvia
    Countries > Lithuania
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > social policy > welfare state
    Countries > Germany
    Countries > Poland
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > employment/labour market > labour/labor
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > social policy > gender policy/equal opportunity
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Centre for European Policy Studies (Brussels) > ENEPRI Research Reports
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2009
    Page Range: p. 24
    Last Modified: 06 Apr 2012 13:48
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/9445

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