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How Can International Organizations Shape National Welfare States? Evidence from Compliance with EU Directives. CES Working Paper, no. 107, 2004

Linos, Katerina. (2004) How Can International Organizations Shape National Welfare States? Evidence from Compliance with EU Directives. CES Working Paper, no. 107, 2004. [Working Paper]

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    Abstract

    How can international organizations shape national welfare states? The answer depends on why national governments comply with international organization mandates. International relations scholarship offers two competing compliance models. Enforcement theories emphasize states’ utilitarian calculus and predict that states’ policy preferences determine implementation, while managerial theories attribute non-compliance to states’ capability limitations and emphasize institutional variables. This paper examines the implementation of EU social policy directives through a new quantitative dataset and qualitative case studies of implementation in Greece and Spain. Three proxies for national social policy preferences – low labor costs, high unemployment and early national social legislation – predict implementation delays. At the same time, factors unrelated to national preferences on particular directives have at least as large an impact on timely implementation. Thus, a national bureaucracy’s capacity and the absence of veto players reduce implementation delays. These findings suggest that capabilities influence compliance at least as much as preferences, but through mechanisms different from the ones emphasized in existing work. Although international organizations may not be especially successful in overcoming past policy legacies in favor of future commitments, they can reorient the axes of contestation from left-right to supra-sub national and thus shape national policies.

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    Item Type: Working Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > social policy > welfare state
    Countries > Spain
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > law & legal affairs-general (includes international law) > compliance/national implementation
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > social policy > general
    Countries > Greece
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Harvard University, Center for European Studies > CES Working Papers Series
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2008
    Page Range: p. 34
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:58
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/9043

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