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How Effective Is the EU as a Mediator? The Case of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. EU Diplomacy Paper 01/2017

Coibion, Thomas (2017) How Effective Is the EU as a Mediator? The Case of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. EU Diplomacy Paper 01/2017. [Policy Paper]

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    Abstract

    This paper aims to assess the effectiveness of the mediation endeavour of the European Union (EU) in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) since March 2015. The analytical part of this paper rests upon the identification of EU mediation objectives as defined in documents published before and during the mediation, notably the 2015 Pržino Agreement. It draws on the work of Bergmann and Niemann which operationalises mediator effectiveness along two dimensions: goalattainment and conflict-settlement.1 The factors that have – directly or indirectly – a bearing on the mediation process can be structured around four key clusters of variables: conflict context, mediator leverage, mediation strategy and coherence. The paper finds that the mediation process in the case of FYROM has been rather effective owing to the EU's mediator strategy and its high level of coherence. However, certain factors seem to have had a constraining impact on EU mediation effectiveness: very low levels of internal cohesiveness amongst the conflict parties and hence a high proclivity to spoiler problems, as well as the waning EU leverage as a result of the lack of a firm EU membership perspective.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Yugoslavia (former)
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > College of Europe (Brugge) > EU Diplomacy Paper
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2017 15:20
    Number of Pages: 33
    Last Modified: 11 Apr 2017 15:21
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/85952

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