Ganzle, Stefan. (2007) "The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP): Extending Governance beyond Borders?". In: UNSPECIFIED, Montreal, Canada. (Unpublished)
In this paper I argue that the development of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) can be understood as a form of ‘externalization of EU governance’. In 2004 and 2007, the EU enlarged to encompass twelve new member states and thus acquired a new neighbourhood, notably in Eastern Europe. Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova now share a common border with the EU. Since 2001/02, the EU has been developing the ENP to cope with the challenges resulting from this new political landscape, and as such, the ENP is now the primary instrument through which EU governance is externalized. With the exception of Belarus and Russia, the European Union’s Eastern neighbours are intent on acquiring EU membership. The EU, in turn, is keen on maintaining its Eastern borders safe and secure from external risks such as illegal migration, environmental degradation and economic crisis. In order to meet these objectives, the EU promotes democratic and economic reforms in the countries located along its Eastern border and in doing so strives to foster political stability and security in the wider Europe. While hierarchy and negotiation constitute the dominant modes of governance in enlargement, this paper will demonstrate that coordination and competition – albeit in the shadow of hierarchy – are the most central modes of governance discernible within the European Neighbourhood Policy.
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