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Household Incomes and Redistribution in the European Union: Quantifying the Equalising Properties of Taxes and Benefits. ENEPRI Working Paper, No. 48, 4 February 2007

Immervoll, H., and Levy, H., and Lietz, C., and Mantovani, D., and O'Donoghue, C., and Sutherland, H., and Verbist, G., (2007) Household Incomes and Redistribution in the European Union: Quantifying the Equalising Properties of Taxes and Benefits. ENEPRI Working Paper, No. 48, 4 February 2007. [Working Paper]

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    Abstract

    The systems of direct taxes and cash benefits in the Member States of the European Union vary considerably in size and structure. We explore their direct impacts on cross-sectional income inequality (termed "redistributive effect" for the purpose of this paper) using EUROMOD, a tax-benefit microsimulation model for the European Union. This relies on harmonised household micro-data representative of each national population together with simulations of entitlements to cash benefits and liabilities for taxes and social contributions. It allows us to draw a more comprehensive – and comparable – picture of the combined effects of transfers and taxes than is usually possible. We decompose the redistributive effect of taxbenefit systems to assess and compare the effectiveness of individual policies at reducing income disparities. We derive results for the 15 "old" members of the European Union and present them for each country separately as well as for the EU-15 as a whole.

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    Item Type: Working Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Income inequality; redistribution; microsimulation.
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > tax policy
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > economic and financial affairs > general
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Centre for European Policy Studies (Brussels) > ENEPRI Working Papers
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2008
    Page Range: p. 31
    Last Modified: 06 Apr 2012 13:04
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/7390

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