Smyrl, Marc E. (1995) "European Programs -- National Structures -- Regional Outcomes: Implementing the Integrated Mediterranean Programs". In: UNSPECIFIED, Charleston, South Carolina. (Unpublished)
The origins and management of the European Community's Integrated Mediterranean Program (IMP) provides an exceptional test of a number of implementation and inter-organizational relations. It highlights in particular the limits both of agency-based models of implementation and of the resource dependence model of inter-organizational relations. While the IMP largely succeeded in increasing the decision-making autonomy of participating regions, as desired by the European Commission, expectations concerning the practical outcomes of the program were not fulfilled. Empirical observation not only of the political constraints faced by regional authorities, but also of their self-perceived organizational goals and legitimating models proves essential to the understanding not only this particular outcome but, we suggest, of implementation processes more generally.
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