Grund, Matthew and Hofmann, Chris. (1993) "Eureka and Esprit: Implications for Theories of European Political Integration". In: UNSPECIFIED, Washington, DC. (Unpublished)
[From the Introduction]. The methodological approach of this paper treats the process of policy integration embodied in Eureka and Esprit as variables dependent on the dynamics of relationships at three levels. The first level of analysis is the dynamic of relationships between each program's administrating body and the national governments of the countries party to Eureka and Esprit. The second level of analysis studies the relationship between the respective administrating bodies and the IT producers. Finally, the third level of analysis focuses on how collaboration between firms has shaped Eureka and ESPRIT. A comparison of Eureka and ESPRIT at each of these levels demonstrates that policy integration within ESPRIT is characterized by both neo-functional and neorealist qualities. While the multilevel analysis does not include the influence of every agent responsible for the shape of ESPRIT and Eureka, it demonstrates our fundamental claim with a minimum of variables.
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