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Migration between Greece and Turkey: From the "exchange of populations" to non-recognition of borders

Baldwin-Edwards, Martin. (2007) Migration between Greece and Turkey: From the "exchange of populations" to non-recognition of borders. [Preprint] (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Migration between Greece and Turkey – in either direction – carries with it multiple connotations concerning national identity and allegiance, ethnicity, and even the existence of agreed and defined national borders. Thus, there is relatively little migration, touristic or otherwise, between the two countries; indeed, the most pressing migration concern for both Greece and Turkey is that of clandestine migration and asylum-seekers. This concern is also shared by other EU countries, which see both Greece and Turkey as primary transit routes for illegal migration to northern Europe. The stage is set with a brief description of the 1920’s “exchange of populations” between Greece and Turkey, and the contemporary legacy and its implications. Following this, I examine what is known about recent illegal migrations across the Greek-Turkish border, such as principal points of entry to Turkey and known points of entry into Greece. Specific issues such as the notorious minefields along the River Evros (Meric, in Turkish), and the poorly-functioning Greek-Turkish Readmission Agreement of 2001, are examined in the light of recent data, along with evaluation of the recent Turkish claims of illegal migration from Greece into Turkey. Finally, I offer an overall picture of the situation, suggesting that interstate relations constitute a core component of the management of unauthorized migration flows. The strained nature of recent Greek-Turkish relations has negative implications not only for migration management, but also for the human rights of illegal migrants and asylum-seekers in the Near East.

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    Item Type: Preprint
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Illegal migration; ethnic minorities; readmission agreement; sociological institutionalism.
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Treaty reform > enlargement
    Countries > Turkey
    Countries > Greece
    EU policies and themes > EU institutions & developments > institutional development/policy > historical development of EC (pre-1986)
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJC > immigration policy
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Martin Baldwin-Edwards
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2007
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:46
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/7043

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