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Agricultural Market Access: Striking the Balance between Formulas and Water in the Tariffs. CPES ENARPRI Working Papers No. 18, 23 June 2006

Brockmeier, Martina and Kurzweil, Marianne and Pelikan, Janine. (2006) Agricultural Market Access: Striking the Balance between Formulas and Water in the Tariffs. CPES ENARPRI Working Papers No. 18, 23 June 2006. [Working Paper]

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    Abstract

    In the current round of negotiations by members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), member countries committed themselves to substantially improving market access and reducing export subsidies and trade-distorting domestic support. The Doha Work Programme adopted by the WTO in 2004 defines the modalities for the negotiations, but there are still many open questions: What will be the magnitude of the tariff cuts? Which products will be defined as 'sensitive'? In addition, the difference between bound and applied tariff rates could be a criterion for defining sensitive products. Does the 'water in the tariffs' – which some define as any gap between the applied rate and the actual rate of protection, where the actual rate is lower – lead to an implicit preferential treatment for developing countries? How will sectors with different gaps between applied and bound rates be affected? This paper seeks to discuss and answer these questions. It analyses the effects of market access taking applied and bound rates into account. An extended version of the Global Trade Analysis Project model is used to first project a base run including the Agenda 2000, EU enlargement, the Everything but Arms agreement and the EU’s Mid-Term Review along with the WTO negotiations. Here, a differentiation is made between two experiments, both of which implement a more rigorous version of the Harbinson 1½ proposal. The difference between the experiments shows the effects of water in the tariffs, which are summarised in the conclusions.

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    Item Type: Working Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Tariffs.
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Other international institutions > GATT/WTO
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Agenda 2000
    EU policies and themes > Treaty reform > enlargement
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > agriculture policy
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Centre for European Policy Studies (Brussels) > ENARPRI Working Papers
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2007
    Page Range: p. 26
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:44
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/6729

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