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"Path dependency in employment policy? Comparing EU and U.S. experiences"

Hartwig, Ines. (2003) "Path dependency in employment policy? Comparing EU and U.S. experiences". In: UNSPECIFIED, Nashville, TN. (Unpublished)

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    A comparison between the fundamental principles of employment policy in the EU and the U.S. quickly reveals a fundamentally different value base. Whereas the U.S. is strongly guided by the individualist tradition that stresses equal opportunities rather than public tasks, the EU - despite many differences between its member states- perceives employment or welfare policy predominantly as a public task. In spite of these deeply rooted differences, the respective financial instruments to pursue active labour market policy or workforce development are based on similar sets of principles. In spite of a number of differences in terms of their material scope, both the U.S. Workforce Investment Act (WIA) and the EU Structural Funds are implemented on the basis of similar governing principles, namely, programming and effectiveness. The paper will compare the implementation of these principles in the U.S. and the EU. Based on the concept of institutional stickiness and path dependency, it will analyse the potential and prospects of mutual learning processes.

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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-US
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > employment/labour market > employment/unemployment
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Conference: European Union Studies Association (EUSA) > Biennial Conference > 2003 (8th), March 27-29, 2003
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2006
    Page Range: p. 23
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:42

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