Dodge, Robert H. (2003) "Russia repositions itself within Europe: Making a virtue out of necessity?". In: UNSPECIFIED, Nashville, TN. (Unpublished)
In the wake of the end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Russia and its former constituent republics, with the exception of the Baltic states, have been marginalized further in terms of tapping into international markets. For example; Russia is not a member of the World Trade Organization, and it relationship with the EU, which is governed by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement that became operative in 1997, places Russia at a disadvantage with its former satellite states in East-Central Europe, all of which were members of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance during the Cold War. The former satellite states, many of which have been approved for membership in the EU next year, have enjoyed the benefits of the EU European Agreements since the mid-1990s, and have resulted in re-orienting trade and investment with the EU and away from Russia. Thus Russia's alternatives for integration into the global or a regional economy are severely limited, so where is Russia headed?
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