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Mediterranean Migrations: Regionalism versus Globalization

Baldwin-Edwards, Martin. (2004) Mediterranean Migrations: Regionalism versus Globalization. Finisterra: Revista Portuguesa Geografica, 39 (77). pp. 9-20.

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    Abstract

    This paper challenges the claim of globalisation as a cause of immigration into Southern Europe and, on an empirical basis, identifies regionalisation as being the primary issue, along with networked migratory patterns. However, the changing patterns of immigration do present challenges to both state and society. It is argued here that recent policy responses in Portugal, Italy and Spain have been inconsistent and irrational – reflecting more the ‘securitisation’ of migration than European reality. Earlier policy innovations are identified, by country and date: most of these have now been abandoned. It is suggested that all of Southern Europe has converged onto a statist, restrictionist model of immigration control that was formerly held only by Greece. The principal characteristics of this model are outlined, along with a migration flowchart and indicative data for migrant flows and sub-flows in Italy and Spain. In the final section, I try to show that the needs of the economy cannot be predicted, immigration cannot be controlled in the manner currently being enforced across Southern Europe, and attempts to do so will damage rather than improve economic productivity and growth. The concept of an accommodating immigration policy is advanced, whereby the state tries to manage the needs of both employers and potential migrants. Six guidelines for policy development are suggested – most of which have already been successfully carried out in the European Union. These are the following: migration in order to find a job; circular cross-border migration; EU level negotiation of readmission agreements; the need for a variety of migration-for-employment schemes; legal residence should not depend upon continuity of employment; and discreet legalisation will still be needed in Southern Europe.

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    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Southern European immigration policies; regionalisation; globalisation.
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJC > immigration policy
    Countries > Portugal
    Countries > Italy
    EU policies and themes > External relations > globalisation/globalization
    Countries > Spain
    Countries > Greece
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Martin Baldwin-Edwards
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2006
    Page Range: pp. 9-20
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:42
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/6366

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