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Migration and Integration. Common Challenges and Responses from Europe and Asia

Yeoh, Brenda S.A. and Iguchi, Yasushi and Ee, Miriam and Chan-Hoong, Leong and Rueppel, Patrick and Hong, Danielle and Seol, Dong-Hoon and Pastore, Ferruccio. and Salis, Ester and Finotelli, Claudia and Quirico, Monica and Devitt, Camilla and Pascouau, Yves and Steller, Birte and Campani, Giovanna and Strik, Tineke (2014) Migration and Integration. Common Challenges and Responses from Europe and Asia. UNSPECIFIED.

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    With the signing of the ASEAN Framework Agreement for the Integration of Priority Sectors (FA) in 2004, migration and integration issues gained significance on the agenda. Primarily concerned with increasing economic growth, this framework excludes the integration of low and unskilled migrant workers; instead, ASEAN efforts to address migration and integration issues have been limited to Mutual Recognition Agreements for skilled labour and professionals. After an analysis of migration policy in the region, we highlight specific barriers to the integration of labour migrants in two priority sectors – nursing, which is highly regulated by the state, and Information, Communications and Technology (ICT), which is typically selfregulated and privately run. Despite a MRA for nursing allowing registered nurses to practice in another ASEAN country under supervision of local nurses without registering with the host country’s nursing regulatory authority, in practice, there are major barriers to the free movement of nurses within ASEAN in terms of skills recognition, licensure requirements and other protectionist measures. Although regulations governing the inflow of ICT professionals are not as stringent as those for healthcare professionals, private costs associated with job search and gaining foreign employment are higher in the ICT sector, largely due to limited information on international mobility within the industry. Three sets of barriers to greater integration are discussed. First, the economic and political diversity within ASEAN makes integration more problematic than in the European Union. Second, the primary concern with value-adding economic growth means that regional agreements are focused on skilled and professional labour migration only. Third, the “ASEAN way” of doing things – via a strong emphasis on consensus and non-interference with domestic policies – often means that the FA provision for the free movement of labour is usually trumped by domestic policies that do not reflect the same desire for labour integration.

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    Item Type: Other
    Uncontrolled Keywords:
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > public health policy (including global activities)
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > information society
    EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-Asia-general
    EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-ASEAN
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJCC/AFSJ > free movement/border control
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJCC/AFSJ > immigration policy
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2014 19:35
    Number of Pages: 290
    Last Modified: 06 Dec 2014 19:35

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