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Bosnia, Kosovo and the EU: Is Accession Possible without Full Sovereignty?

Koeth,, Wolfgang (2012) Bosnia, Kosovo and the EU: Is Accession Possible without Full Sovereignty? EIPAScope, 2012 (1). pp. 31-36. ISSN 1025-6253

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    Bosnia and Kosovo are the only two members of the EU enlargement zone that have never tried to apply for EU membership, given that both are too far from complying with the required minimum standards. But besides lacking basic capacities, these two potential candidates share another common feature: both are limited, to different degrees, in their national sovereignty. This lack of sovereignty not only limits the capacity of the potential candidates to negotiate or to enter into agreements with the EU; it also undermines their readiness to undertake serious reforms. The EU tries to dodge the political blockades that are the root cause of the problem by focusing on the technical issues; this might provide a temporary relief but cannot substitute a realistic accession perspective, which is currently absent. However, without this perspective, the EU’s ‘normative power’ in these countries will continue to erode – which bears the risk that both Kosovo and Bosnia will, in the end, try to solve existing problems through unilateral measures, such as partition. Given its lack of ability to provide alternatives, the EU has to realistically consider such outcomes and think about the possible consequences.

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    Item Type: Article
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Treaty reform > enlargement
    Countries > Bosnia/Herzegovina
    Countries > Kosovo
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Journals > European Institute of Public Administration (Maastricht) > EIPASCOPE
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2013 14:39
    Number of Pages: 6
    Page Range: pp. 31-36
    Last Modified: 02 Oct 2013 14:03

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