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Can the EU pressure dictators? reforming ENP conditionality after the Arab Spring. EU Diplomacy Paper 06/2011, January 2011

Thepaut, Charles (2011) Can the EU pressure dictators? reforming ENP conditionality after the Arab Spring. EU Diplomacy Paper 06/2011, January 2011. [Policy Paper]

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    Abstract

    This paper analyzes the position of political conditionality in the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) and its possible reform following the deep changes brought about by the so-called ‘Arab Spring’ in 2011. It is argued that conditionality has suffered from a limited operationalization of the values it was supposed to be based on, due to a lack of common political will of EU member states. Moreover, the European Union (EU) eroded its position in negotiations with North African regimes by designing a self-centered cooperation, neither offering much nor genuinely engaging Arab societies out of fear of Islamism. Beyond current weaknesses and political blockades, the ENP’s structural logic also played against effective conditionality. Its methodology based on socialization made value-transmission impossible in an authoritarian environment and entrapped the EU in its relations with North African regimes. Strong conditionality is thus incompatible with the ENP when the latter engages autocratic regimes. The EU cannot pressure dictators and only a ‘soft’ conditionality used as a guide for the EU more than a sanction tool seems realistic in such a context.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-Islam
    EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-North Africa/Maghreb
    EU policies and themes > External relations > European Neighbourhood Policy
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > College of Europe (Brugge) > EU Diplomacy Paper
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2012 13:45
    Number of Pages: 36
    Last Modified: 22 Feb 2012 13:45
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/33451

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