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When does Europe matter? An analysis of pension reform policy in Spain and Italy

Carrera, Leandro N. (2009) When does Europe matter? An analysis of pension reform policy in Spain and Italy. In: UNSPECIFIED. (Submitted)

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    Abstract

    Scholars interested in analyzing how the European Union affects domestic policy making argue that Europeanization occurs when domestic changes take place in response to a gamut of factors emanating from the EU, which not only include policy paradigms developed within the EU policy process but also concepts and ideas. In short, this perspective highlights the “indirect” or “cognitive” impact of the EU on member states’ policy decisions by helping to build some ideological consensus and stressing “the way things must be done.” The idea that there is more “Europe” in domestic policy makers’ discourse when justifying economic reforms is a powerful one; however, we still need to know what factors make such use of discourse more or least likely. I explore this issue by analyzing episodes of pension reform since the early 1990s in Spain and Italy, two countries that had relatively generous public pension systems and that since the 1990s have introduced different reforms. The comparative evidence from these two cases indicates that the use of a discourse aligned with the EU institutions’ view on pension policy was key to produce significant changes from the status quo when facing a political configuration characterized by a high number of veto players and a highly fragmented and deficit prone public pension system.

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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Italy
    Countries > Spain
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > europeanisation/europeanization & European identity
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > social policy > welfare state
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Conference: European Union Studies Association (EUSA) > Biennial Conference > 2009 (11th), April 23-25, 2009
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2012 18:53
    Number of Pages: 32
    Last Modified: 24 Oct 2012 19:13
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/33037

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