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The impact of long-term care on caregivers' participation in the labour market. ENEPRI Research Report No. 98, November 2011

Gabriele, Stefania. and Tanda, Paola and Tediosi, Fabrizio (2011) The impact of long-term care on caregivers' participation in the labour market. ENEPRI Research Report No. 98, November 2011. UNSPECIFIED.

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    In this paper we analyse the impact of long-term care on informal caregivers’ status in the labour market. We focus on people’s perceptions that their labour activity is hindered partially or totally by their care-giving commitments. We use the Eurostat ECHP dataset 1994-2001, which includes some questions specifically aimed to investigate whether people suffer care-giving constraints; this information allows us to overcome the endogeneity problem due to the double relationship between labour market participation and care-giving. We estimate the probability to be constrained according to a number of variables among the sample of caregivers, adjusting for sample selection through the Heckman 2-stage estimation procedure. Our estimates confirm some results of previous studies: the heaviest burdens – characterised by higher informal-care intensity and co-habitation with the assisted person – hamper the caregiver from participating in the labour market as desired. The probability to incur constraints increases by 0.9% for each additional hour of care-giving, starting from 15 hours of care. Providing care to adults who are not living in the same place reduces this probability by about 3%. Among workers, those in part-time jobs have a 17% higher probability of suffering constraints. Among those not working, housewives seem to perceive stronger constraints than the unemployed. Furthermore, for those providing care to both children and adults, the probability to be constrained is 15% higher. These results show a general picture which assumes different characteristics in different countries. We have estimated the probability of being constrained for four countries (the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Spain), representative of the ‘quantitative’ clusters estimated by ANCIEN WP1. The main differences among these countries arise in how the gender gap emerges, the consequences of the double burden, and the place where the care is delivered (in the household or elsewhere).

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    Item Type: Other
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Belgium
    Countries > Italy
    Countries > Netherlands
    Countries > Spain
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > employment/labour market > labour/labor
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > social policy > welfare state
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Centre for European Policy Studies (Brussels) > ENEPRI Research Reports
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2011 08:47
    Number of Pages: 31
    Last Modified: 17 Nov 2011 08:47

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