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»Nach Rasse und Sprache verschieden« Migrationspolitik in Österreich von der Monarchie bis heute. "According to different race and language," Migration Policy in Austria from the monarchy until today. IHS Political Science Series 31, March 1996

Bauböck, Rainer (1996) »Nach Rasse und Sprache verschieden« Migrationspolitik in Österreich von der Monarchie bis heute. "According to different race and language," Migration Policy in Austria from the monarchy until today. IHS Political Science Series 31, March 1996. [Working Paper]

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    Abstract

    Why is Austria’s rich tradition as a country of both emigration and immigration so thoroughly neglected in current debates about the admission of refugees and economic migrants? This essay sketches eight chapters in the history of Austria’s migration policy since the late Habsburg monarchy and finds some strong continuities. The most conspicuous ones are: attempts to ensure a rapid transit of refugees to other destinations; strong legal barriers to the full integration of settled immigrant workers; rules for the acquisition of citizenship which ignore partial and dual affiliations among immigrants and the membership claims of second and third generations of immigrant descent; definitions of nationhood that do not allow for ethnic diversity resulting from immigration. The paper argues that Austrian migration policy has not only been driven by public interests in internal and external security, economic growth and social welfare, but also by symbolic uses of migrants in politics. Political discourses which defined immigrants as outsiders have been instrumental in shaping the ideological profile of parties as well as the boundaries of an insecure national identity.

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    Item Type: Working Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Migration; Immigrants; Refugees; Austrian History; National Identity.
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJC > European citizenship
    Countries > Austria
    EU policies and themes > EU institutions & developments > institutional development/policy > historical development of EC (pre-1986)
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > social policy > discrimination/minorities
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJC > immigration policy
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Institute for Advanced Studies (Vienna), Department of Political Science > IHS Political Science Series
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: German
    Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2011 14:18
    Number of Pages: 37
    Last Modified: 18 Oct 2011 14:18
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/32440

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