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Wer sind wir? Probleme politischer Identitäten im ausgehenden 20. Jahrhundert. Who are we? Problems of political identities in the late 20th century. IHS Political Science Series, 42, April 1997

Benhabib, Seyla (1997) Wer sind wir? Probleme politischer Identitäten im ausgehenden 20. Jahrhundert. Who are we? Problems of political identities in the late 20th century. IHS Political Science Series, 42, April 1997. [Policy Paper]

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    Abstract

    The process of European unification, which some call a ›myth‹, yet others an ›illusion‹, gives rise to important questions about national membership and citizenship rights. This article examines recent developments in Europe from the background of the history of political thought about citizenship. Citizenship involves three salient aspects: collective identity, privileges of political membership, and a bundle of rights and entitlements which accrue to the citizen. T.H. Marshall has analyzed this last aspect of citizenship through his famous categorization of civil, political, and social rights. What we are observing in contemporary Europe is a »dissociation« or »disaggregation« of these various aspects of citizenship. Migrant workers and third country nationals often enjoy civic and social rights, while their political rights are limited. The article challenges the »coupling« of nationality and the privileges of political citizenship. I argue that ›jus sanguinis‹' and ›jus soli‹ are not alone justifiable, from a normative viewpoint, to confer citizenship rights and that consent is the only principle which is wholly consistent with the selfunderstanding of liberal democracies in the granting of citizenship rights. I plead for a decentered model of the polity, in which membership and participation in the institutions of civil society are steps toward the acquisition of the status of citizen.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Third Pillar/JHA/PJC > European citizenship
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > europeanisation/europeanization & European identity
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Institute for Advanced Studies (Vienna), Department of Political Science > IHS Political Science Series
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: German
    Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2011 13:33
    Number of Pages: 19
    Last Modified: 31 Jul 2014 22:53
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/32432

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