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Discrepant Electorates: The Inclusiveness of Electorates and Its Impact on the Representation of Citizens. IHS Policy Series No. 124, July 2011

Caramani, Daniele and Strijbis, Oliver (2011) Discrepant Electorates: The Inclusiveness of Electorates and Its Impact on the Representation of Citizens. IHS Policy Series No. 124, July 2011. [Policy Paper]

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    Abstract

    This paper addresses the democratically fundamental question of the inclusiveness of electorates and of its impact on citizens’ representation. While the literature has focussed on the congruence between voters and representatives, it has neglected congruence issues between citizens and representatives. The paper investigates comparatively this bias and source of newly disenfranchised citizens in a globalised society with increasing mobility. On the one hand, electoral laws vary in their inclusion or exclusion of expatriates (emigrants) and in the right to vote to non-national residents (immigrants). On the other hand, naturalisation laws vary in the maintenance of nationality for expatriates and in their inclusion of non-national residents. We illustrate levels of discrepancy between electorate and citizenship in 22 OECD countries qualitatively, by presenting differences of electoral and nationality laws, and quantitatively, by comparing the size of citizenship with that of the electorate, and the national and resident populations. We show that shifts between political and national communities are primarily due to naturalisation laws and that electoral laws have so far been unable to correct for the discrepancy.

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    Item Type: Policy Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Electorate; Citizenships; Representation; Inclusiveness; Electoral laws; Naturalisation.
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Italy
    Countries > U.K.
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > political affairs > European elections/voting behavior
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Institute for Advanced Studies (Vienna), Department of Political Science > IHS Political Science Series
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2011 09:40
    Number of Pages: 32
    Last Modified: 13 Sep 2011 09:49
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/32327

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