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Party Position Changes through EU Membership? The (Non-)Europeanisation of Austrian, Finnish and Swedish Political Parties. IHS Political Science Series: 2005, 103

Kritzinger, Sylvia and Michalowitz, Irina. (2005) Party Position Changes through EU Membership? The (Non-)Europeanisation of Austrian, Finnish and Swedish Political Parties. IHS Political Science Series: 2005, 103. [Working Paper]

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    Abstract

    The article seeks to analyse whether a Europeanisation of national parties has taken place amongst the EU-newcomers of 1995 – Austria, Finland and Sweden – studying Euro-manifestos. Europeanisation is measured based on two characteristics: first, salience a party attributes to the European level and second, policy positions a party holds towards European issues. Moreover, we assume that Europeanisation may result in an impact on the traditional national cleavage lines changing the dominant Left-Right dimension. Our results show that Europeanisation in terms of salience has indeed taken place; Europeanisation in terms of policy position change, however, could only be observed in Sweden and Austria. Regarding the cleavage structure, we noticed a reinforcement of the Left-Right divide by the European issue in Sweden and in Finland, while in Austria a new cleavage line could be identified: Green/Alternative/Libertarian versus Traditional/Authoritarian/Nationalism. The Europeanisa-tion process has therefore progressed most strongly in Austria. Overall, we conclude that the European integration process does have an influence on national political parties.

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    Item Type: Working Paper
    Uncontrolled Keywords: EU Newcomers 1995; Euro-manifestos; Left-Right Dimension.
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > europeanisation/europeanization & European identity
    Countries > Finland
    Countries > Sweden
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > political affairs > political parties
    Countries > Austria
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > Institute for Advanced Studies (Vienna), Department of Political Science > IHS Political Science Series
    Depositing User: Elisabet Torggler
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2005
    Page Range: p. 44
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:25
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/3209

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