Hobbing, Peter. (2011) Customs cooperation in the area of Freedom, Security and Justice: the role of customs in the management of the EU's external border. CEPS Liberty and Security in Europe, 17 June 2011. [Working Paper]
This study contrasts the current role of customs at the EU’s external borders with the role it was intended to perform according to international standards in border management. There is a considerable imbalance between the involvement of customs and border guards, which impedes the smooth operation of border control and poses security risks for the Union and its citizens, including terrorist attacks. This paper analyses the causes of this imbalance and proposes appropriate solutions that are in line with international standards.
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