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Lobbying in a transatlantic comparison: opportunity structures and lobbying content in the US and the EU

Woll, Cornelia (2005) Lobbying in a transatlantic comparison: opportunity structures and lobbying content in the US and the EU. In: UNSPECIFIED. (Submitted)

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    Despite vast literatures on interest representation in the United States (US) and the European Union (EU), few studies have tried to compare lobbying across the two cases. Those who do are interested primarily in the existence of different lobbying styles and distinguish between an aggressive pressure group approach in the US and a more consensus oriented informational lobbying in the EU. However, the origins of these differences have received little attention and references most often point to different political “cultures” and lobbying traditions. This paper takes issue with this cultural explanation and links the observed lobbying styles with differences in the design of the political institutions that private actors have to interact with. It argues that divided policy authority in the US allows for interest group bargaining while shared policy competencies in the EU constrain not only policy-makers but also lobbyists to adopt a more consensus-oriented approach. The effect of political institutions on the form of lobbying, in turn, can have important implications for the comparison of different policy areas across countries, because the policy stances of private actors cannot always be assumed to be exogenous to the policy process in which they are active.

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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: lobbying, interest groups, United States, European Union
    Subjects for non-EU documents: ?? A039 ??
    EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-US
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > lobbying/interest representation
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series and Periodicals: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Conference: European Union Studies Association (EUSA) > Biennial Conference > 2005 (9th), March 31-April 2, 2005
    Depositing User: Cornelia Woll
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2016 09:51
    Number of Pages: 25
    Last Modified: 01 Nov 2016 10:41

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