Wiener, Antje. (1997) "Making sense of the new geography of citizenship: Fragmented citizenship in the European Union". In: UNSPECIFIED, Seattle, Washington. (Unpublished)
The academic community, European institutions, as well as a number of interest groups voice concern and curiosity about the meaning of Union citizenship, its political potential, and organizational feasibility. They bring attention to the fact that this type of citizenship seems to lack crucial characteristics of modern liberal concepts of citizenship. This article proceeds in four steps. First, I recall and elaborate on the problematic definition of modern citizenship and its theoretical implications which stand in tension with the new geography of citizenship. Second, I propose a constructive approach to citizenship based on the concept of "citizenship practice." Third, I provide a summarized story of the making of Union citizenship referring to citizenship as practice in the EC/ EU since 1973. This story is based on a discursive policy analysis, which allows for a focus on the mobilization of resources toward the establishment of citizenship, Fourth, I identify borders, boundaries, and belonging as characteristic features that suggest the emergence of a new fragmented style of citizenship practice in post-modern contexts.
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