Sukalac, Kristen. (1997) "Cops and cops and robbers: Looking at the Third Pillar from a liberal intergovernmental perspective". In: UNSPECIFIED, Seattle, WA. (Unpublished)
In this paper, I will look at the Third Pillar--focusing on policy cooperation--from a liberal intergovernmental point of view. Starting from the assumption that this theoretical framework is sufficient to account for formal integration in the First Pillar, I will argue that liberal intergovernmental theory, in contrast to realism, can weave the Maastricht Treaty into the overall pattern of European integration. Liberal inter-governmentalism not only explains Community developments, it can also be used to explain why the Treaty on European Union couched the Second and Third Pillars as it did. I will attempt to situate Justice and Home Affairs in the theoretical framework of liberal inter-governmentalism. Discussions of this field are complicated by the need to consider non-European Union (EU) entities. For example, although it is not an EU organization, Schengen cannot be neglected when discussing Justice and Home Affairs; the Commission has been an observer in Schengen since the beginning, a position which allows an EC institution to express its views in a non-EC organization.
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