Neunreither, Karlheinz. (1997) "Political representation in the European Union: A common whole, various wholes, or just a hole?". In: UNSPECIFIED, Seattle, WA. (Unpublished)
Who represents whom in the European Union (EU)? And what is actually represented? The composing parts of the EU are well provided for: the member states are represented via their governments in the Council, the peoples of the same member states are represented in the directly elected European Parliament, the regions in the Committee of the Regions, and finally various economic and social groups in the respective Committee. But is there a political representation of the EU as a whole? A purely theoretical and perhaps slightly out of date (looking at some research paradigms) question, were it not for the notion of flexibility or differentiated integration, which will make its entry in the EU treaty. How will flexibility affect political representation in the EU, especially the European Parliament (EP)? The paper argues that despite the dynamic evolution of the EP it might have major difficulties in remaining indivisible, that is to act with all its members on all EU politics, even if in the future they will only be endorsed by a limited number of member states.
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