Laible, Janet. (1997) "Subversive diplomacy in the European Parliament? The legitimation strategies of independence parties". In: UNSPECIFIED, Seattle, WA. (Unpublished)
I propose that not only are nationalists using the institutions of the European Union to promote their agendas, but that their strategies can be understood in the light of historical record of how nationalists have sought to use international organizations (IOs). Throughout this century, nationalists have used IOs to try to win support for their causes from international players--major powers--that have been in a position to advance their interests. Nationalists have sought to establish the distinct identities and interest of their respective peoples and to win support for policies they believe would benefit these peoples, including independence. Until recently, nationalist parties have not had equal power in IOs to that held by the representatives of their state governments. Establishing the distinctiveness of their identity and their political interests has been critical for "getting noticed" in order to win support or patronage from other powers, in an arena where nationalists could not speak for themselves.
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