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"The Awkward Question: Party Approaches to European Integration in Finland and Sweden"

Johansson, Karl Magnus and Raunio, Tapio. (1999) "The Awkward Question: Party Approaches to European Integration in Finland and Sweden". In: UNSPECIFIED, Pittsburgh, PA. (Unpublished)

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    Abstract

    This paper analyzes party responses to European integration in Finland and Sweden. We argue that the responses are shaped by seven explanatory factors: basic ideology, public opinion, factionalism, leadership influence, party competition, transnational links and the development of integration. Each factor can lead to a positive or a negative evaluation of the European Union. In the empirical analysis, the sample includes all parties represented in the respective national parliaments, and the research material consists of party documents, parliamentary votes, statements by leading party figures, public opinion surveys, direct observation and interviews. Leadership influence and ideology are the strongest factors in the Finnish case, while public opinion and factionalism are the strongest factors in Sweden. Issue avoidance combined with the secondary importance of the EU in party politics explain why parties have been relatively successful in containing internal factionalism and discord, especially in Finland.

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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Subjects for non-EU documents: Countries > Finland
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > political affairs > public opinion
    Countries > Sweden
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > political affairs > political parties
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Conference: European Union Studies Association (EUSA) > Biennial Conference > 1999 (6th), June 2-5, 1999
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2006
    Page Range: p. 22
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 17:22
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/2304

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