Ucarer, Emek M. (2001) "Controlling trafficking in women: The partnership between NGOs and the European Union". In: UNSPECIFIED, Madison, Wisconsin. (Unpublished)
In addition to attempting to create an integrated approach which promises to deal more effectively with this transnational criminal activity, the European Union is in the process of establishing formal linkages with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and incorporating their know-how as well as their financial and human resources into their efforts to stem the flow of trafficked women and address the suffering inflicted upon unsuspecting victims. This development is intriguing for substantive as well as theoretical reasons. Substantively, it signifies the beginning of a novel partnership between an intergovernmental organization (IGO) and NGOs at the regional level, a partnership that has not been fully explored in the previous attempts to build a global regime to combat trafficking. This partnership, which admittedly is still in its infancy, stands the chance of solidifying into a permanent arrangement, linking the supranational, state-level and sub-state level actors who must work together to combat trafficking. Theoretically, it raises questions about the nature of the IGO-NGO interface, an issue that has been brought to salience as scholars explore the growing inclusion of NGOs into global governance and the increase in the delegation to NGOs of the provision of services by large IGOs. This paper will briefly review the emergent literature that seeks to understand the cooperation between IGOs and NGOs, review the historical efforts by IGOs to address trafficking and highlight the process through which NGOs were first admitted into the European debate on trafficking and then made operational partners of the European Union in the last two years.
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