Apap, Joanna and Boratynski, Jakub and Emerson, Michael and Gromadzki, Grzegorz and Vahl, Marius and Whyte, Nicholas. (2001) Friendly Schengen Borderland Policy on the New Borders of an Enlarged EU and Its Neighbours. CEPS Policy Brief No. 7, November 2001. [Policy Paper]
[From the Introduction]. One often hears the term ‘Europe’ being used interchangeably with ‘European Union’, giving the impression that those countries that are not destined to become members of the EU in the near future are not part of the same continent. Even after the forthcoming accession by 13 new countries, a significant part of Europe will remain outside the ‘EU club’. Enlargement of the European Union will create a new external EU border in the eastern part of the continent. This new border will stretch from the north beginning with the twin town of Narva-Ivangorod on the Estonian-Russian border, through areas of Western Belarus bordering Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, to the Ukrainian borders with Poland, Slovakia, Hungary and all the way south along the Romanian border with Moldova and Ukraine. There will also be the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad, surrounded by the EU countries of Poland and Lithuania. Other new external EU borders will be drawn between Hungary and Slovenia on the one hand and Yugoslavia and Croatia on the other.
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