Dominguez, Roberto. (2010) Diffusion of EU norms in Latin America: the cases of Mexico, Venezuela and Honduras. Jean Monnet/Robert Schuman Paper Series Vol. 10, No. 1, February 2010. [Working Paper]
This paper analyzes the EU norm-diffusion towards Latin America. The objective is to discuss the prospects of success for EU democracy and human rights promotion policies in the region. Theoretically, the paper discusses three stages for the study of EU norm diffusion in Latin American countries. The first is the setting for diffusion of norms, the second is the strength of positive and negative conditionality and the third the conditions of the norm-takers to embrace the orientation of EU values, develop a sense of ownership and enhance the dialogue with the EU. Unlike the Central and Eastern European countries where the prospects of membership were strong incentives for internalizing EU norms, the transformative power of the EU is limited in Latin America and Asia. Nonetheless, depending on the sub-region or the country in Latin American, the EU norm-diffusion policies have a diverse impact on the internalization of democratic values, practices of rule of law and human rights. In light of this, the paper empirically selects three contrasting cases: Mexico, Venezuela and Honduras. The paper is divided in four sections. After presenting an overview of the studies on external influence of democratization processes, the second section explains the analytical framework of the paper; the third section emphasizes the problem of the quality of democracy in Latin America and the fourth presents three case studies.
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