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Promoting Innovation in the European Union-On the Development of Sound Competition and Industrial Policies. ZEI Discussion Paper. No. 191, 2009

Tunick, Meredith. (2009) Promoting Innovation in the European Union-On the Development of Sound Competition and Industrial Policies. ZEI Discussion Paper. No. 191, 2009. [Discussion Paper]

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    Abstract

    [From the Introduction]. In light of these challenges that face EU policy makers, this paper attempts to address two fundamental questions: What is innovation? And what kind of policy is best suited for the job − one anchored in competition policy or industrial policy? Evaluation of the EU’s economic performance is often couched in shortterm analyses. However, innovation and knowledge are strongly linked to long-term growth. Therefore, this paper takes a broader, big-picture approach and explores knowledge creation in a long-run context. A discussion of innovation is provided that includes the basic concepts, characteristics, and dynamics of innovation, as well as a discussion of systems of innovation and several policy concerns regarding innovation. The benefits of a competition structure for innovation will be demonstrated by building on well-known economic growth theories, particularly Schumpeter’s theory of creative destruction and radical innovation, as well as Hayek’s theory of discovery. The rationale and justification of an industrial policy structure (i.e., market intervention) will also be presented. A short analysis of the EU Lisbon Strategy is provided, as well as a short discussion of the effects of a rigid industrial policy that may hinder innovative efforts. Finally, a short examination of innovation in the European automotive industry is provided.

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    Item Type: Discussion Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > innovation policy
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > industrial policy
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > competition policy
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > economic and financial affairs > business/private economic activity
    EU policies and themes > Policies & related activities > Lisbon StrategyAgenda/Partnership for Growth and Employment
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > University of Bonn, Center for European Integration Studies > ZEI Discussion Papers
    Depositing User: Phil Wilkin
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 20 May 2009
    Page Range: p. 37
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 18:12
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11020

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