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The EU and Iran’s Nuclear Programme: Testing the Limits of Coercive Diplomacy. College of Europe EU Diplomacy Paper 1/2009

Tocha, Monika. (2009) The EU and Iran’s Nuclear Programme: Testing the Limits of Coercive Diplomacy. College of Europe EU Diplomacy Paper 1/2009. [Working Paper]

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    Abstract

    The paper analyzes the E-3’s/EU’s diplomatic strategy vis-à-vis Iran and its nuclear programme against the theoretical background of coercive diplomacy. It investigates to what extent the E-3/EU strategy has met the theoretical criteria for coercive diplomacy to succeed. The paper addresses in particular the question why this strategy has so far, despite the “gradual turning of screw“1, not succeeded in dissuading Iran from pursuing fuel cycle activities. I argue that the E-3/EU coercive diplomacy approach vis-à-vis Iran has suffered from certain flaws: the objectivity and the legitimacy of the E-3/EU underlying objective and its specific demand have been seriously challenged not only by Iran and countries of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and the New Agenda Coalition (NAC), but also by the fact that with France and the UK the E-3/EU embraces two Nuclear Weapon States (NWS), which has further fuelled the perception of unfairness. Finally, I argue that a “carrots and sticks” policy as pursued by the E-3/EU is unlikely to work out in the Iranian case, taking into account that the E-3/EU demand touches on Iran’s vital interests and on questions of prestige, regional supremacy and nationalism.

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    Item Type: Working Paper
    Subjects for non-EU documents: EU policies and themes > External relations > foreign/security policy 1993--(includes CFSP/CESDP/ESS)
    EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-Middle East
    EU policies and themes > External relations > EU-Islam
    Subjects for EU documents: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Series: UNSPECIFIED
    ["eprint_fieldname_eusries" not defined]: UNSPECIFIED
    EU Annual Reports: UNSPECIFIED
    Series: Series > College of Europe (Brugge) > EU Diplomacy Paper
    Depositing User: Professor Sieglinde Gstoehl
    Official EU Document: No
    Language: English
    Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2009
    Last Modified: 15 Feb 2011 18:06
    URI: http://aei.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10143

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